Radio frequency Machine for Treatment

Radiofrequency Electrosurgical unit is a medical surgical device used mainly for the purpose of the open surgery, cosmetic surgery and Endoscopic surgery that includes Laparoscopy, Robotics surgery. Radio frequency Machine topic will guide you the knowledge to use in clinical and surgical practices

Indication of Radiofrequency

Minimally invasive surgery like Laparoscopy, Robotic surgery, and Endoscopic Procedures

Orthopedics surgery

Spine surgery

Pain Clinics


Radio frequency Machine




Plastic and Reconstructive surgery

The special type of instruments and forceps used along with the console

The separate cables and electrodes designed for the Indication. The Ergonomic design that exists in all equipment and instrument for the not only the purpose of user-friendly, for good outcome and achieves targets

RF-Radio frequency Machine working Principle

It works on the principle that converts the Electric voltage current into thermal energy for cutting and coagulation of tissue and related structures. the working temperature of 40°C-70 °C

Radiofrequency Technology uses low-temperature cutting, the water molecules in the tissue vibrates violently under the influence of radiofrequency and electromagnetic waves. As a result, causes collision and rupture of cell and cutting of tissue. The main advantage of RF technology reduces the blood loss during surgery while comparing to other Endosurgical Units.

Monopolar of Input 4.0 MHz converts into 1 W – 120 W

Bipolar of Input 1.71 MHz converts into 1 W- 50 W

Modes in Radiofrequency



Cutting and Coagulation


Instruments used in Radio frequency Machine

All the Radiofrequency electrode are combined with ablation and Coagulation of the target tissue

  1. Endoscopic Bipolar Forceps
  2. Normal open surgery Forceps (Pencil type) Monopolar

Under monopolar tip may differ like

  • Fine tip
  • Ball tip
  • Needle tip
  • Spatula
  • Ring type tip
  1. Bipolar forceps Cable with forceps
Uses of Radiofrequency

For Endoscopy– Radiofrequency Ablation system is available with bipolar tip electrode.

For all the radiofrequency electrode cable better to spray the springling NS-Normal Saline while usingRadio frequency Machine

The principle that delivers energy according to the tissue, Ablation and coagulation principle works with perfect techniques

In Neurosurgery ablation of nucleus pulposus in the intervertebral disc coagulation


Use of low temperature, enhance the cutting to minimize tissue damage by thermal power.

Clinical uses in Dermatology

Facial Plastic surgery

Mandibular Reconstruction


Mole Removal

Skin Tightening Treatment

Breast Cutting

Clinics use in Ophthalmology

Orbital Neoplasm

Tumor-related to Orbit

Ptosis surgery

Double eyelid operation

Eye cosmetic Procedure like angular develop, overpronation

Clinical uses of RF Technology in Gynecology

Cervical Polyp resection, Uterine Fibroid resection

Hysteromyoma Resection

Cervical mucous membrane resection

Cervical Biopsy

Clinical application of RF Technology in Stomatology

Gingiva removal

Abscess incision & drainage





Removal of hyperplastic Gums

The universally used high frequency operating electrode with 1.6 mm that used in common open surgery.

The radiofrequency needs the Neutral plate/patients plate in case of using Monopolar Electrode.

Radiofrequency comparison on other Types of equipment by tissue damage

CO2 LASER                   0.2 mm

Holmium LASER            0.5 mm

High Frequency             1.0 mm

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