Best Practices of Surgical Attire

This topic will teach you Best Practices of Surgical Attire, how to wear the mask, hardwearing and protective eye wearing like goggles etc

How to wear Headcap

Surgical headwear reduces contamination of the surgical field by confining the shedding of micro-organisms and hair from the scalp. It should weared by all theatre personnel inside the working operating theatre. Head caps or hoods reduce the Staphylococcus aureus and streptococci bacteria

All hair must be completely covered by a hat, which should be well fitted and comfortable for the wearer, thus avoiding the need to adjust it.

Disposable head covers are provided for all personnel within the changing room area and must be discarded after each use. Using cloth (hand laundered ) cap is recommended, but the use of cloth caps are the source of contamination and transmission of the disease when it is used on the next day.

Theatre staff using personal head covers must launder their own daily.

Face Masks

Infection Control practices recommend the wearing of masks by all scrub personnel within the sterile field. The wearing of masks to form the

Contamination of aerosol droplets generated by the mouth,


Nose & nasopharynx

Also, protect the intraoperative environment

Talking, coughing and sneezing forcefully spread droplets onto the sterile field and surrounding environment .using of mask filter air and droplets

All masks should be removed and disposed of at the end of each case, as they are single-use items. , touching only the tapes and discard into the appropriate rubbish receptacle.

Masks should not wear hang around the neck.

Staff shall wear disposable, high filtration masks in restricted areas of the perioperative environment.

The surgical team during procedures

Staffs should secure the mask according to the manufacturer’s instruction. Avoid touching the mask once it applied. Mask ties must not remove but fastened as recommended inside the theatre.

Healthcare professional should wash their hands following mask disposal. Staffs must change the mask when it got contact with mask-like

A fluid droplet from the surgical field

Blood Contacts

Drooling of Nose

Got wet when sweating and washing their face, recommended to do as soon as possible.

Protective eyewear and face shield

All surgical personnel should wear the protective eyewear or face shields during all surgical procedures and whenever there is a risk that blood, body fluids, or particles of tissue could splash on the face.

When power equipment like

Bone chips

Liquefied tissue

Another debris splatter into the air

Contact with scrubs and assistants.

A variety of goggles and face shields readily available in custom packs

Selection of these things depends upon visual clarity, expense, comfort, and availability in the market.

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